Species Database

Checklist of Snakes of India
 

Leptotyphlopidae – Thread Snakes

1 Leptotyphlops blanfordii Sindh Thread Snake
Leptotyphlops blanfordii blanfordii Blanford’s Thread Snake
 

Typhlopidae – Blind / Worm Snakes

2 Ramphotyphlops brahminus Brahminy Worm Snake
3 Grypotyphlops acutus Beaked Worm Snake
4 Typhlops andamanensis Andaman Worm Snake
5 Typhlops beddomei Beddome’s Worm Snake
6 Typhlops bothriorhynchus Assam Worm Snake
7 Typhlops diardii Large Worm Snake or Diard’s Worm Snake
8 Typhlops exiguus Jan’s Worm Snake
9 Typhlops meszoelyi Darjeeling Worm Snake
10 Typhlops muelleri Mueller’s Worm Snake
11 Typhlops jerdonii Jerdon’s Worm Snake
12 Typhlops loveridgei Loveridge’s Worm Snake
13 Typhlops oatesii Oates’ Worm Snake
14 Typhlops oligolepis Wall’s Worm Snake
15 Typhlops pammeces Gunther’s Worm Snake
16 Typhlops porrectus Slender Worm Snake
17 Typhlops tenuicollis Slender-necked Worm Snake
18 Typhlops thurstoni Thurston’s Worm Snake
19 Typhlops tindalli Tindall’s Worm Snake
 

Uropeltidae – Shieldtails

20 Brachyophidium rhodogaster Red-bellied Shieldtail or Wall’s Shieldtail
21 Melanophidium bilineatum Yellow-striped Shieldtail
22 Melanophidium punctatum Pied-belly Shieldtail
23 Melanophidium wynaadensis Wynaad Shieldtail
24 Platyplectrurus madurensis Madurai Shieldtail
25 Platyplectrurus trilineatus Three-Lined Shieldtail
26 Plectrurus aureus Golden Shieldtail
27 Plectrurus canaricus Kanara Shieldtail
28 Plectrurus guentheri Purple Shieldtail
29 Plectrurus perroteti Perrotet’s Shieldtail
30 Rhinophis fergusonianus Cardamom Shieldtail
31 Rhinophis sanguineus Red-Bellied Shieldtail
32 Rhinophis travancoricus Travancore Shieldtail
33 Teretrurus sanguineus Western Shieldtail
34 Uropeltis arcticeps Tirunelveli Shieldtail
Uropeltis arcticeps madurensis Periyar Shieldtail
35 Uropeltis beddomii Beddome’s Shieldtail
36 Uropeltis broughami Sirumalai Shieldtail
37 Uropeltis ceylanica Kerala Shieldtail
38 Uropeltis dindigalensis Dindigul Shieldtail
39 Uropeltis ellioti Elliot’s Shieldtail
40 Uropeltis liura Ashambu Shieldtail
41 Uropeltis macrolepis Large-Scaled Shieldtail
Uropeltis macrolepis macrolepis Bombay Shieldtail
Uropeltis macrolepis mahableshwarensis Mahableshwar Shieldtail
42 Uropeltis macrorhyncha Anamalai Shieldtail
43 Uropeltis maculata Red-Sided Shieldtail
44 Uropeltis myhendrae Barred Shieldtail
45 Uropeltis nitida Cochin Shieldtail
46 Uropeltis ocellata Nilgiri Shieldtail
47 Uropeltis petersi Peters’ Shieldtail
48 Uropeltis phipsonii Phipson’s Shieldtail
49 Uropeltis pulneyensis Palni Shieldtail
50 Uropeltis rubrolineata Red-Lined Shieldtail
51 Uropeltis rubromaculata Red-Spotted Shieldtail
52 Uropeltis smithi Violet Shieldtail
53 Uropeltis woodmasoni Black-Bellied Shieldtail
 

Xenopeltidae

54 Xenopeltis unicolor Sunbeam Snake
 

Boidae – Boas

55 Gongylophis conicus Common Sand Boa
56 Eryx johnii Red Sand Boa
57 Eryx whitakeri Whitaker’s Boa
 

Pythonidae – Pythons

58 Python molurus molurus Indian Rock Python
Python molurus bivittatus Burmese Python
59 Python reticulatus Reticulated python
 

Acrochordidae 

60 Acrochordus granulatus Indian Wart Snake or File Snake
 

Colubridae

61 Ahaetulla dispar Günther’s Vine Snake
62 Ahaetulla fronticincta River Vine Snake
63 Ahaetulla nasutus Common Vine Snake
64 Ahaetulla perroteti Bronze-HeadedVine Snake
65 Ahaetulla prasina Oriental  or Short-nosed Vine Snake
A. p. prasina North-eastern Vine Snake
66 Ahaetulla pulverulenta Brown Vine Snake
67 Amphiesma beddomii Beddome’s Keelback
68 Amphiesma khasiense Khasi Hills Keelback
69 Amphiesma modestum Günther’s Keelback
70 Amphiesma monticola Montane or Hill Keelback
71 Amphiesma nicobarense Nicobar Keelback
72 Amphiesma parallelum Boulenger’s Striped Keelback
73 Amphiesma pealii Peal’s Keelback
74 Amphiesma platyceps Eastern or Himalayan Mountain Keelback
75 Amphiesma sieboldii Siebold’s Keelback
76 Amphiesma stolatum Striped Keelback
77 Amphiesma xenura Cherapunji Keelback
78 Amphiesma venningi Venning’s Keelback
79 Argyrogena fasciolata Banded Racer
80 Atretium schistosum Olive Keelback Water Snake
81 Blythia reticulata Iridescent Snake
82 Boiga andamanensis Andaman Cat Snake
83 Boiga beddomei Beddome’s Cat Snake
84 Boiga ceylonensis Ceylon Cat Snake
85 Boiga cyanea Green Cat Snake
86 Boiga dightoni Travancore Cat Snake
87 Boiga forsteni Forsten’s Cat Snake
88 Boiga gokool Eastern Cat Snake
89 Boiga multifasciata Many-banded Cat Snake
90 Boiga multomaculata Large-spotted Cat Snake
91 Boiga nuchalis Collared Cat Snake
92 Boiga ochracea Tawny Cat Snake
Boiga ochracea ochracea Common Tawny Cat Snake
Boiga ochracea stoliczkae Stoliczka’s Tawny Cat Snake
Boiga ochracea walli Wall’s Tawny Cat Snake
93 Boiga quincunciata Assamese Cat Snake
94 Boiga trigonata Common Indian Cat Snake
95 Boiga siamensis Thai Cat Snake
96 Boiga wallachi Nicobar Cat Snake
97 Calamaria pavimentata Collared Reed Snake
98 Cantoria violacea Yellow-banded Mangrove Snake
99 Cerberus rhynchops Dog-faced Water Snake
100 Chrysopelea ornata Ornate Flying Snake
Chrysopelea ornata ornata Indian Ornate Flying Snake
Chrysopelea ornata ornatissima South-east Asian Flying Snake
101 Chrysopelea paradisi Paradise Flying Snake
102 Coluber bholanathi Nagarjun Sagar Racer
103 Coluber gracilis Slender Racer
104 Coluber vittacaudatus Darjeeling Racer
105 Platyceps ladacensis Eastern Cliff Racer
106 Platyceps ventromaculatus Glossy-bellied Racer
107 Coronella brachyura Indian Smooth Snake
108 Cyclophiops doriae Green Snake
109 Dendrelaphis cyanochloris Blue Bronzeback Tree Snake (Green in Andaman)
110 Dendrelaphis gorei Himalayan Bronzeback Tree Snake
111 Dendrelaphis grandoculis Large-eyed Bronzeback Tree Snake
112 Dendrelaphis humayuni Nicobar Bronzeback Tree Snake
113 Dendrelaphis pictus Painted Bronzeback Tree Snake
Dendrelaphis pictus pictus Common Painted Bronzeback Tree Snake
Dendrelaphis pictus andamanensis Andaman Painted Bronzeback Tree Snake
114 Dendrelaphis subocularis Mountain Bronzeback Tree Snake
115 Dendrelaphis tristis Common Bronzeback Tree Snake
116 Dinodon gammiei Sikkim False Wolf Snake
117 Dinodon septentrionalis Günther’s False Wolf Snake
118 Dryocalamus gracilis Slender Bridal Snake
119 Dryocalamus nympha Common Bridal Snake
120 Elachistodon westermanni Indian Egg-eating Snake
121 Orthriophis cantoris Eastern Trinket Snake
122 Coelognathus flavolineatus Yellow-Striped Trinket Snake
a.k.a. Black-Tailed Trinket snake
123 Coelognathus helena Indian Trinket Snake
Coelognathus helena helena Common Indian Trinket Snake
Coelognathus helena monticollaris Montane Trinket Snake
124 Orthriophis hodgsonii Himalayan Trinket Snake
125 Euprepiophis mandarinus Mandarin Trinket Snake
126 Oreocryptophis porphyraceus Banded Trinket Snake
Oreocryptophis porphyraceus porphyraceus Western Banded Trinket Snake
127 Coelognathus radiatus Copper-headed Trinket Snake
128 Orthriophis taeniurus Striped Trinket Snake
Orthriophis taeniurus yunnanensis Yunnanese Striped Trinket Snake
129 Enhydris dussumierii Dussumier’s Smooth-scaled Water Snake
130 Enhydris enhydris Common Smooth-scaled Water Snake
131 Enhydris sieboldii Siebold’s Smooth-scaled Water Snake
132 Enhydris plumbea Plumbeous Smooth-scaled Water Snake
133 Fordonia leucobalia Crab-eating Water Snake
134 Gerarda prevostianus Glossy Marsh Snake
135 Gongylosoma nicobariensis Nicobar Stripe-necked Snake
136 Elaphe frenata Khasi Hills Trinket Snake
137 Gonyosoma oxycephalum Red-tailed Trinket Snake
138 Elaphe prasina Green Trinket Snake
139 Liopeltis calamaria Lesser Stripe-necked Snake
140 Liopeltis frenata Gunther’s Stripe-necked Snake
141 Liopeltis rappii Himalayan Stripe-necked Snake
142 Liopeltis stoliczkae Stoliczka’s Stripe-necked Snake
143 Lycodon aulicus Common Wolf Snake
144 Lycodon capucinus Oriental Wolf Snake
145 Lycodon fasciatus Banded Wolf Snake
146 Lycodon flavomaculatus Yellow-spotted Wolf Snake
147 Lycodon flavicollis Yellow-collared Wolf Snake
148 Lycodon jara Yellow-speckled Wolf Snake
149 Lycodon laoensis Laotian Wolf Snake
150 Lycodon mackinnoni Mackinnon’s Wolf Snake
151 Lycodon striatus Barred Wolf Snake
Lycodon striatus striatus Northern Barred Wolf Snake
152 Lycodon tiwarii Tiwari’s Wolf Snake
153 Lycodon travancoricus Travancore Wolf Snake
154 Lycodon zawi Zaw’s Wolf Snake
155 Lytorhynchus paradoxus Sind Awl-headed Snake
156 Macropisthodon plumbicolor Green Keelback
Macropisthodon plumbicolor plumbicolor Indian Green Keelback
157 Oligodon affinis Western Kukri Snake
158 Oligodon albocinctus White-barred Kukri Snake
159 Oligodon arnensis Banded Kukri or Common Kukri Snake
160 Oligodon brevicaudus Striped Kukri Snake
161 Oligodon catenatus North-eastern Kukri Snake
162 Oligodon cinereus Black-barred Kukri Snake
163 Oligodon cyclurus Cantor’s Kukri Snake
164 Oligodon dorsalis Spot-tailed Kukri Snake
165 Oligodon dorsolateralis Side-striped Kukri Snake
166 Oligodon erythrogaster Red-bellied Kukri Snake
167 Oligodon erythrorhachis Red-striped Kukri Snake
168 Oligodon juglandifer Darjeeling Kukri Snake
169 Oligidon kheriensis Coral Kukri Snake
170 Oligodon melaneus Black Kukri Snake
171 Oligodon melazonotus Wall’s Kukri Snake
172 Oligodon nikhili Nikhil’s Kukri Snake
173 Oligodon taeniolatus Streaked Kukri or Russell’s Kukri Snake
Oligodon taeniolatus fasciatus Indian Streaked Kukri Snake
174 Oligodon theobaldi Mandalay Kukri Snake
175 Oligodon travancoricus Travancore Kukri Snake
176 Oligodon venustus Black-spotted Kukri Snake
177 Oligodon woodmasoni Yellow-striped Kukri Snake
178 Pareas macularius Darjeeling Snail-Eater
179 Pareas monticola Assam Snail-Eater
180 Psammodynastes pulverulentus Mock Viper
181 Psammophis condanarus Oriental or Condanarus Sand Snake
Psammophis condanarus condanarus Western Sand Snake
182 Psammophis leithii Leith’s Sand Snake
183 Psammophis longifrons Stout Sand Snake
184 Psammophis schokari Afro-Asian Sand Snake
185 Pseudoxenodon macrops Large-eyed False Cobra
Pseudoxenodon macrops macrops Western Large-eyed False Cobra
186 Ptyas korros Eastern or Indo-chinese Rat Snake
187 Ptyas mucosa Western Rat Snake
Ptyas mucosa mucosa Indian Rat Snake
188 Ptyas nigromarginata Green Rat Snake
189 Rhabdophis himalayanus Himalayan Keelback
190 Rhabdophis nuchalis Groove-necked Keelback
191 Rhabdophis subminiatus Red-necked Keelback
192 Rhabdops bicolor Yellow-bellied  Forest Snake
193 Rhabdops olivaceus Olive Forest Snake
194 Sibynophis bistrigatus Pegu Black-headed Snake
195 Sibynophis collaris Collared Black-headed Snake
196 Sibynophis sagittarius Cantor’s Black-headed Snake
197 Sibynophis subpunctatus Dumeril’s Black-headed Snake
198 Sinonatrix percarinata Chinese Keelback
199 Spalerosophis arenarius Red-spotted Diadem Snake
200 Spalerosophis atriceps Black-headed Royal Snake
201 Spalerosophis diadema Blotched Royal Snake
Spalerosophis diadema diadema
202 Stoliczkia khasiensis Khasi Earth Snake
203 Trachischium fuscum Darjeeling Oriental Slender Snake
204 Trachischium guentheri Günther’s Oriental Slender Snake
205 Trachischium laeve Olive Oriental Slender Snake
206 Trachischium monticola Assam Oriental Slender Snake
207 Trachischium tenuiceps Orange-bellied Oriental Slender Snake
208 Xenochrophis cerasogaster Dark-bellied Marsh Snake
209 Xenochrophis flavipunctatus Yellow-spotted Keelback Water Snake
Xenochrophis flavipunctatus flavipunctatus Eastern Yellow-spotted Keelback Water Snake
210 Xenochrophis piscator Checkered Keelback Water Snake
211 Xenochrophis punctulatus Spotted Keelback Water Snake
212 Xenochrophis sanctijohannis St. John’s Keelback Water Snake
213 Xenochropis tyleri Andaman Keelback
214 Xenochrophis trianguligerus Triangle-spotted Water Snake
215 Xylophis captaini Captain’s Narrow-headed Snake
216 Xylophis perroteti Striped Narrow-headed Snake
217 Xylophis stenorhynchus Gunther’s Narrow-headed Snake
 

Elapidae

218 Bungarus andamanensis Andaman Krait
219 Bungarus bungaroides Himalayan Krait
220 Bungarus caeruleus Common Indian Krait
221 Bungarus fasciatus Banded Krait
222 Bungarus lividus Lesser Black Krait
223 Bungarus niger Black Krait
224 Bungarus sindanus Sind Krait
Bungarus sindanus sindanus Common Sind Krait
Bungarus sindanus walli Wall’s Sind Krait
225 Calliophis beddomei Beddome’s Coral Snake
226 Calliophis bibroni Bibron’s Coral Snake
227 Sinomicrurus macclellandi Macclelland’s Coral Snake
Sinomicrurus macclellandi univirgatus Macclelland’s One-lined Coral Snake
228 Calliophis melanurus Slender Coral Snake
229 Calliophis nigrescens Striped Coral Snake
230 Naja kaouthia Monocled Cobra
231 Naja naja Spectacled Cobra
232 Naja oxiana Black Cobra
233 Naja sagittifera Andaman Cobra
234 Ophiophagus hannah King Cobra
 

Hydrophiidae – Sea Snakes

235 Astrotia stokesii Large-headed Sea Snake or Stokes Sea Snake
236 Enhydrina schistosus Hook-nosed Sea Snake or Beaked Sea Snake
237 Hydrophis caerulescens Many-toothed Sea Snake, Malacca or Blue Sea Snake
238 Hydrophis cantoris Cantor’s Narrow-headed Sea Snake
239 Hydrophis cyanocinctus Annulated or Blue-banded Sea Snake
240 Hydrophis fasciatus Banded Sea Snake
Hydrophis fasciatus fasciatus
241 Hydrophis gracilis Common Small-headed Sea Snake
242 Hydrophis lapemoides Persian Gulf Sea Snake
243 Hydrophis mamillaris Bombay Gulf or Bombay Broad-banded Sea Snake
244 Hydrophis nigrocinctus Black-banded Sea Snake
245 Hydrophis obscurus Estuarine Sea Snake
246 Hydrophis ornatus Cochin Banded Sea Snake
Hydrophis ornatus ornatus Ornate Sea Snake
247 Hydrophis spiralis Yellow Sea Snake
248 Hydrophis stricticollis Bengal or Collared or Narrow-necked Sea Snake
249 Kerilia jerdonii Jerdon’s Sea Snake
Kerilia jerdonii jerdonii
250 Lapemis curtus Short Sea Snake
251 Laticauda laticaudata Common Sea Krait
Laticauda laticaudata affinis Western Sea Krait
252 Laticauda colubrina Yellow-lipped Sea Krait
253 Pelamis platurus Pelagic or Black and Yellow Sea Snake
254 Praescutata viperina Viperine Sea Snake
 

Viperidae – Vipers

255 Gloydus himalayanus Himalayan Pit Viper
256 Daboia russelii Russell’s Viper
257 Echis carinatus Indian Saw-Scaled Viper
Echis carinatus sochureki Sochurek’s or South Indian Saw-scaled Viper
258 Hypnale hypnale Indian Hump-nosed Pit Viper
259 Microvipera lebetina Levantine Viper
Microvipera lebetina cernovi Cernov’s Levantine Viper
260 Ovophis monticola Mountain Pit Viper
Ovophis monticola monticola Western Mountain Pit Viper
261 Protobothrops kaulbackii Kaulback’s Pit Viper
262 Protobothrops jerdonii Jerdon’s Pit Viper
263 Protobothrops mucrosquamatus Brown-spotted Pit Viper
264 Trimeresurus albolabris White-lipped Pit Viper
265 Trimeresurus cantori Cantor’s Pit Viper
266 Trimeresurus erythrurus Spot-tailed Pit Viper
267 Trimeresurus gramineus Bamboo Pit Viper
268 Tropidolaemus huttoni Hutton’s Pit Viper
269 Trimeresurus labialis Nicobar Pit Viper
270 Trimeresurus macrolepis Large-scaled Pit Viper
271 Trimeresurus malabaricus Malabar Pit Viper
272 Trimeresurus medoensis Medo Pit Viper
273 Trimeresurus gumprechti Gumprecht’s Green Pit Viper
274 Trimeresurus popeiorum Pope’s Pit Viper
275 Trimeresurus andersoni Andaman Pit Viper
276 Trimeresurus yunnanensis Yunnan Pit Viper
277 Trimeresurus septentrionalis Himalayan White-lipped Pit Viper
278 Trimeresurus strigatus Horse-shoe Pit Viper
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